10 Things About the Life of John Calvin

Since there are so many misunderstandings about this great theologian, here are a few things to ponder.

·       ‘(1) Calvin was born on July 10, 1509, at Noyon in Northeastern France. Unlike Luther, Calvin

·       ‘(2) At the age of 13-14 he attended the University of Paris where he came under the influence of….

·       ‘(3) Some place his conversion as late as 1534 and others as early as 1527-28. Unlike Luther, his….

·       ‘(4) Calvin did not at first desire a break with Rome, but envisioned a purification of the church ….

·       ‘(5) Calvin was influenced by friends and colleagues to break completely with Rome, which he….

·       ‘(6) Calvin returned to Paris in 1536 to settle some old financial matters. He decided to go from….

·       ‘(7) Upon arriving in Geneva, he began to lecture on the Pauline epistles, wrote a constitution for….

·       ‘(8) Calvin often said he didn’t care what a wife looked like as long as she was of a Christian….

·       ‘(9) Once again under pressure from Farel, Calvin returned to Geneva in 1541 and ministered….

·       ‘(10) Calvin’s physical afflictions read like a medical journal. He suffered from painful stomach….’

-Sam Storms, read complete article here.

(Resources in Vietnamese and English at GSiV

Luther, Calvin, Farel, Reformation & Chỉ Duy Nhất 5 ‘Onlys,’ 5 ‘Solas’ &

Calvin on Election and Predestination)

‘Giáo Luật của Dordt (Dort)’ Là Gì?–part 1

Canons of Dordt (Dort)

The Canons of Dort (Rules or Guidelines of Dordt) come from an international council (Synod / Hội Nghị) of Reformed people which took place in the city of Dordrecht (Dordtrecht), Netherlands in 1618-1619.

Mục Lục

1. Giáo Điều Phần Thứ I: Sự Lựa Chọn Thiên Thượng Và Sự Hư Mất

  • Điều 1-18
  • Đoạn 1-9: Bác Bỏ Những Sai Lầm

2. Giáo Điều Phần Thứ II: Sự Chết Của Đức Chúa Giê-Su Christ, Bởi Đó Loài Người Được Cứu Chuộc

  • Điều 1-9
  • Đoạn 1-7: Bác Bỏ Những Sai Lầm

3-4. Giáo Điều Phần Thứ III và IV: Loài Người Sa Ngã, Sự Trở Lại Cùng Đức Chúa Trời, Phương Cách Để Trở Lại

  • Điều 1-17
  • Đoạn 1-9: Bác Bỏ Những Sai Lầm

5. Giáo Điều Phần Thứ V: Sự Bền Đổ Của Các Thánh Đồ

  • Điều 1-15
  • Đoạn 1-9: Bác Bỏ Những Sai Lầm


Full document in Vietnamese coming soon. Perma link (here).

See GSiV Resources page

(Also see here

Đức Chúa Trời và Sự Cứu Rỗi: Tín Lý Về Ân Điển Quyền Năng

at GSiV)

Arminians and penal substitution

Grider is an Arminian who is also a scholar. Here’s what he says:

‘A spillover from Calvinism into Arminianism has occurred in recent decades. Thus many Arminians whose theology is not very precise say that Christ paid the penalty for our sins. Yet such a view is foreign to Arminianism, which teaches instead that Christ suffered for us. Arminians teach that what Christ did he did for every person; therefore what he did could not have been to pay the penalty, since no one would then ever go into eternal perdition. Arminianism teaches that Christ suffered for everyone so that the Father could forgive the ones who repent and believe; his death is such that all will see that forgiveness is costly and will strive to cease from anarchy in the world God governs. This view is called the governmental theory of the atonement.’

-J. Kenneth Grider (quoted by James White, The Potter’s Freedom, pp. 233-234)

 (GSiV: Election & Arminianism & Evangelism and Calvinism & Atonement)

A Few Baptists Everyone Should Know About

Here are some great men of the past:

  • John Dagg (1794-1884)
  • Adoniram Judson (1788-1850)
  • William Carey (1761-1834)
  • Andrew Fuller (1754-1815)
  • John Gill (1697-1771)
  • Benjamin Keach (1640-1704)
  • William Kiffin (c. 1616-1701)

Keep reading here

(At GSiV see here)

Does Calvinism Kill Missions?

  • ‘John Calvin: Calvin sent missionaries from Geneva into France and as far away as Brazil. Most of these young men sent to France died a martyr’s death, but the church of Geneva continued to send them.
  • ‘John Eliot: A missionary sent to the American Indians in the 1600′s. He is believed to be the first missionary among this people group. As many have said, if William Carey is the father of the modern mission’s movement, then John Eliot is its grandfather.
  • ‘David Brainerd: A missionary to the American Indians in the 1700′s. Many historians believe that he has sent more individuals into the mission field than any other person in the history of the church via his diary, An Account of the Life of the Late Reverend David Brainerd.
  • ‘Theodorus Frelinghuysen: The great evangelist and preacher, who set the stage for the First Great Awakening in the middle colonies.
  • ‘Jonathan Edwards: The great theologian, writer, and preacher of the First Great Awakening. He was also a missionary to the Indians.
  • ‘George Whitfield: The great voice and preacher of the First Great Awakening. He journeyed across the Atlantic Ocean thirteen times and scholars believe he preached over 18,000 sermons….’ Continue reading.


(GSiV: Missions and Evangelism,

Evangelism and Calvinism,

Researching Calvinism and Missions?,

Đoạn 24: “Mối đe dọa đối với truyền giáo và truyền giảng?”)

Do the ‘elect’ choose to believe?

‘…Reformed Christians believe that men believe and choose. It is the order of events that is in dispute. Every Christian has chosen Christ, believed in Christ, embraced Christ, and even more, continues to do so. The question is not “must a person believe,” but can a person believe while a slave to sin? Further, whose decision comes first: the decision of God to free the enslaved, dead sinner and give him the ability to believe, or the free-choice decision of the sinner that then makes him or her one of the elect?’

-James White, The Potter’s Freedom, p.184

(Các Đoạn 39-42, 48-49 GSiV: Xem chi tiết)

(Also ‘decisional regeneration,’ ‘decisionism’ / ‘sự tái sinh bằng quyết định’)

(Election: Xem Chi Tiết)

Spurgeon against the Hyper Calvinists

From the life of the Baptist pastor Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892), Iain Murray makes some key points that reformed people do well to keep in mind and heart:

  • ‘1. “Genuine evangelical Christianity is never of an exclusive spirit….”
  • ‘2. Spurgeon “wanted to see both divine sovereignty and human responsibility upheld, but when it came to gospel preaching he believed….”
  • ‘3. “This controversy directs us to our need for profound humility before God….”
  • ‘4. “The final conclusion has to be that when Calvinism ceases to be evangelistic….” ’

-Murray, Spurgeon v. Hyper-Calvinism. See whole post by Ray Ortlund, Jr.

(GSiV: What is Hyper Calvinism?)

(GSiV: Evangelism, Missions)



Đức Chúa Trời và Sự Cứu Rỗi–19

Điều thuyết Calvin cảnh báo là tất cả sự dạy dỗ tinh vi hạ thấp ân điển và quyền năng của Đức Chúa Trời. Phần lớn các Cơ đốc nhân sẽ đưa ra sự phục vụ giả dối đối với quyền năng của Đức Chúa Trời nhưng nhiều người sẽ bỏ nó đi bởi xác nhận rằng một người có điều đó với năng lực để quyết định, mong muốn vào trong vương quốc Đức Chúa Trời. (Chúng ta sẽ bàn thảo sau cách ý muốn, sự chọn lựa hay ý chí của con người liên quan đến sự cứu rỗi. Chỉ cần nói rằng sự thật là một người được chọn không trở thành một Cơ đốc nhân cách thụ động–đó là tín lý sai trật của thuyết Sandemanianism–một người có thể đơn giản muốn vào sự cứu rỗi cũng là điều không đúng với Kinh thánh.) Tội này, tín lý dạy rằng người đó có thể tự muốn mình vào vương quốc của Đức Chúa Trời, lan tràn khắp nơi đến nỗi nhiều Cơ đốc nhân bước vào sự cứu rỗi mà không ý thức điều họ đang tin và được dạy dỗ.’


What Calvinism threatens is all teaching which subtly belittles God’s glory and sovereignty. Most all Christians will give lip service to God’s sovereignty but many will then take it away by asserting that a man has it within his power to decide, to will, himself into God’s kingdom….’


– Đoạn 25, GSiV: Xem chi tiết

Spurgeon: Man’s ‘free’ will

Scripture is our final authority but note how Charles Spurgeon helps clarify what the Word actually says about man’s so-called ‘free will.’


  • ‘Beloved, do not any of you swerve from the free Grace of God, for the babblings about man’s free agency are neither more nor less than lies, right contrary to the Truth of Christ and the teachings of the Spirit. How certain, then, is the salvation of every elect soul! It does not depend on the will of man—he is “made willing” in the day of God’s power.’ -Spurgeon, 1856, “The Holy Spirit in the Covenant

(Đoạn 42, GSiV: Ý chí tự do của con người, Xem chi tiết)

(Also see GSiV here)