Cơ Đốc Nhân Việt Nam và sự xác tín sự cứu rỗi?
One of the great doctrines in the New Testament is that Christians can be assured of their salvation. If truly saved, they won’t lose it, and they can find their confidence in the Lord’s promises (John 10:29, 1 John 5:13). Thus, pastors ought to believe this and teach it more.
Giáo-Lý Căn-Bản Heidelberg
LỜI MỞ ĐẦU:
“Giáo-Lý Căn-Bản Heidelberg đã được viết tại Heidelberg theo lởi yêu-cầu của Tuyển-Hầu Frederick III, người cai-trị có ảnh-hưởng hầu hết các tỉnh của nước Đức, từ 1559 đến 1576. … Sách Giáo-Lý Căn-Bản cho việc huấn-luyện Thanh-Thiếu-Niên và hướng-dẫn các Mục-Sư và Giáo-Sư….”
CHÚA NHẬT THỨ 1
1-NIỀM AN ỦI DUY NHẤT CỦA BẠN TRONG ĐỜI NÀY VÀ ĐỜI SAU LÀ GÌ?
Thân thể và linh hồn,1 đời sống hiện tại và đời sau,2 không thuộc về chính tôi nữa, nhưng thuộc về Cứu Chúa Giê-xu Cơ Đốc của tôi.3 Ngài đã trả đầy đủ cho tất cả tội lỗi của tôi bằng chính huyết báu của Ngài4 và giải cứu tôi khỏi sự áp chế của ma quỷ.5 Ngài cũng canh giữ tôi như vậy,6 không một sợi tóc nào rơi khỏi đầu tôi mà không theo ý Cha của tôi ở trên trời.7 Thật vậy, mọi việc hiệp lại với nhau vì cớ sự cứu rỗi của tôi.8 Vì tôi thuộc về Ngài nên Chúa Cơ Đốc, bởi Đức Thánh Linh, Ngài bảo đảm cho tôi sự sống đời đời9 và làm cho lòng tôi mong muốn, sẵn sàng từ nay sống cho Ngài.10
The Heidelberg Catechism
“The Heidelberg Catechism (1563) was composed in the city of Heidelberg, Germany, at the request of Elector Frederick III, who ruled the province of the Palatinate from 1559 to 1576. The new catechism was intended as a tool for teaching young people, a guide for preaching in the provincial churches, and a form of confessional unity among the several Protestant factions in the Palatinate.”
Lord’s Day 1
Question & Answer 1
- What is your only comfort
in life and in death?
- That I am not my own,1
body and soul,
in life and in death–2
to my faithful Savior, Jesus Christ.3
He has fully paid for all my sins with his precious blood,4
and has set me free from the tyranny of the devil.5
He also watches over me in such a way6
that not a hair can fall from my head
without the will of my Father in heaven;7
in fact, all things must work together for my salvation.8
Because I belong to him,
Christ, by his Holy Spirit,
assures me of eternal life9
and makes me wholeheartedly willing and ready
from now on to live for him.10
1 1 Cor. 6:19-20
2 Rom. 14:7-9
3 1 Cor. 3:23; Titus 2:14
4 1 Pet. 1:18-19; 1 John 1:7-9; 2:2
5 John 8:34-36; Heb. 2:14-15; 1 John 3:1-11
6 John 6:39-40; 10:27-30; 2 Thess. 3:3; 1 Pet. 1:5
7 Matt. 10:29-31; Luke 21:16-18
8 Rom. 8:28
9 Rom. 8:15-16; 2 Cor. 1:21-22; 5:5; Eph. 1:13-14
10 Rom. 8:1-17
(GSiV: Các Tuyên Xưng Đức Tin (Tiếng Việt) / Confessions of Faith in Vietnamese)
‘The question remains, however, is it possible for Protestants today to be both faithful to the gospel and be in sync with the Vatican?…. While commonalities between Roman Catholics and Protestants do exist and should be celebrated, key issues that were at the heart of the controversy five hundred years ago continue today.
‘Below are eleven important doctrines upon which we agree, followed by two critical teachings upon which there is still disagreement and that make continued separation necessary.
‘“Commonalities between Catholics and Protestants do exist and should be celebrated, but issues that were at the heart of the controversy five hundred years ago still continue today.”
‘Eleven Doctrines upon Which Protestants and Roman Catholics Agree
· ‘The Trinity, The nature of God, Divine revelation, The person of Christ, The work of Christ, The Holy Spirit, Human beings, Sin, Salvation is initiated by God, The church, Living hope.
‘Despite this widespread agreement, however, at least two major differences still separate Catholics and Protestants.
‘Two Doctrines about Which Protestants and Roman Catholics Differ Significantly
‘1. Ultimate authority: Catholics hold to an authority structure consisting of three elements.
- One aspect is Scripture….
- The second aspect of divine revelation is Tradition….
- The third source of authority is the Magisterium, the teaching office of the Catholic Church, consisting of the pope and the bishops….
‘The Protestant principle, by contrast, is sola Scriptura: Scripture alone is our ultimate authority….
‘2. Salvation: Catholics believe that salvation is a lifelong process by which God through his grace, and fallen people aided by that grace, work together so people engage in good works and thus merit eternal life….
‘The Impact of the Reformation on Missions
‘These two issues–authority and salvation–were at the heart of the controversy five hundred years ago. Because they continue to divide Catholic and Protestants today, the Reformation is not over….
‘May God use the gracious efforts of faithful, gospel-loving believers to break the chains of tradition that once bound Reformers like Martin Luther and still blind millions today….’
-Gregg R. Allison
Read whole article here
(Resources in Vietnamese and English at GSiV:
Tội Nhân Trong Tay Thiên Chúa Đang Thịnh Nộ
‘This transcript is the most well-known sermon of pastor Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758). He preached this sermon in Enfield, Connecticut [USA] in 1741.’
‘Bài giảng này là bài giảng nổi tiếng nhất của mục sư Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758). Ông giảng bài này ở Enfield, Connecticut [Mỹ] vào năm 1741.’
“Their foot shall slide in due time.” Deut. 32:35
“…Vào lúc chân của chúng nó trượt ngã….” Phục Truyền Luật Lệ Ký 32:35
- ‘It implies, that they were always exposed to sudden unexpected destruction. As he that walks in slippery places is every moment liable to fall, he cannot foresee one moment whether he shall stand or fall the next; and when he does fall, he falls at once without warning: Which is also expressed in Psalm 73:18-19. “Surely thou didst set them in slippery places; thou castedst them down into destruction: How are they brought into desolation as in a moment!”’
- ‘Điều này cũng ám chỉ là sự hủy diệt có thể phủ chụp lên đầu họ bất cứ lúc nào. Như một người lảo đảo bước đi trên chỗ trơn trợt, người ấy không thể biết rằng với bước kế tiếp mình còn đứng được hay sẽ té ngã; và nếu bị ngã, người ấy sẽ ngã nhào ngay tức khắc mà không có một dấu hiệu nào báo trước. Điều này được miêu tả trong Thi Thiên 73: 18-19: “Thật vậy, Chúa đã đặt chúng nó tại nơi trơn trợt, Khiến cho chúng nó bị hư nát. Ủa kìa, chúng nó bị hủy diệt trong một lát….”’
(See other Vietnamese and English articles at GSiV: Missions and Evangelism)
Adoniram Judson (1788-1850) was an American missionary in Burma who lived overseas for several decades. The Lord used him and his steady but hard work overseas to build the church in Burma. Usually, the work the Lord has before us is slow, despite modern attempts in the church planting world to make fast look like the norm.
‘…Churches faithfully supported the ministry of a man [Adoniram Judson] they’d never met. They only knew Judson by way of his reputation and the letters that came several months after current events. He never once visited with rousing stories of regular converts.
‘SPIRITUAL GET-RICH-QUICK SCHEMES
The result is story after story of dramatic conversions and mass movements. Churches rarely celebrate slow, hard-slogging work that’s yet to see fruit. In doing so, we unintentionally create spiritual versions of get-rich-quick testimonials, showing how through only a little extra giving and a little extra prayer, you too can see an entire unreached people group saved in your lifetime….
Jesus made it abundantly clear that the effectiveness of sowing the word cannot be accurately measured right away. The parable of the soils shows us it takes time to see if a conversion is substantial or ephemeral (Matt. 13)….
‘LOCAL CHURCH AS SPIRITUAL MUTUAL FUND
One of the best ways for a church to grow in patience is to look for evidences of enduring grace….
‘Healthy churches will foster amongst their members a dogged determination to see the lost come to faith….’
Read the whole article here
(Also see at GSiV:
Why can’t there be a mixing of the two views to produce what is sometimes called “Cal-minianism”?
- ‘The gap between them at several points is wide and deep. It centers around the middle three points of the famous TULIP scheme: total depravity, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and perseverance of the saints. While Arminians accept divine election, they believe it is conditional. While they accept a form of limited atonement, they reject the idea that God sent Christ to die only for a portion of humanity. The atonement’s limited nature is grounded not in God’s intention but in human response. Only those who accept the grace of the cross are saved by God; those who reject it and seek salvation elsewhere fail to be included in it by their own choice, much to God’s dismay. While Arminians embrace the necessity of supernatural grace for salvation (as for any spiritual good, including the first stirring of the will toward God), they deny that God irresistibly bends human wills so that they are effectually saved apart from their own spontaneous (not autonomous) response.’
-Roger Olson, Arminian Theology: Myths and Realities, p. 63.
(Các Đoạn 39-42, 48-49 GSiV: Xem chi tiết)
(Election: Xem Chi Tiết)
Sometimes a commitment to the doctrines of grace has led some Christians to wrongly become hyper Calvinists (click here). This only proves that no system keeps man from being thoroughly depraved; but that point proves Calvinism rather than argues against it. Often though the doctrines of grace have rightly led Christians to care about the lost like God cares.
(See GSiV here)
(Also see GSiV here)
Cuộc Cải Chánh
Many posts below contain both Vietnamese and English.
Here is a type of Creation to Christ (C2C) tool that is sensitive to Asian issues of shame and fear but doesn’t neglect guilt and sin. It is concise but includes important simple details of the Bible’s story about Israel and Abraham while telling redemption history (redemptive historical). It approaches the topic with the theme of God as King over the peoples (citizens) of the world, but especially his chosen ones.
In English and Vietnamese
God creates a good world.
- Đức Chúa Trời tạo nên thế giới tốt đẹp.
- Con người không vâng lời Đức Chúa Trời.
God keeps his promise through Abraham.
- Đức Chúa Trời giữ lời hứa của Ngài bằng Áp ra ham.
God judges Israel but keeps his promise.
- Đức Chúa Trời phán xét Israel nhưng vẫn giữ lời hứa của Ngài.
God fulfills his promise in King Jesus.
- Đức Chúa Trời hoàn thành lời hứa của Ngài bởi Vua Giê-xu.
King Jesus returns to judge and restore.
- Vua Giê-xu trở lại để phán xét và phục hồi.
‘The SBC [Southern Baptist Convention] was overwhelmingly pragmatic. During the middle decades of the 20th century, the SBC became preoccupied with growth—and we were good at it. The SBC grew, overtaking every other denomination in the United States. When Southern Baptist pastors got together, they basically assumed orthodoxy, and all their conversations were about program, pragmatism, and growth.
‘But pragmatism undermines orthodoxy. You simply measure your health by program, attendance, and growth, but that means you’ll do whatever it takes to get a crowd. Pragmatism means you minimize the theology and maximize the program—a recipe that led to liberalism inside our churches. Many Southern Baptists believed that if we were growing, we couldn’t possibly be liberal. It was a form of self-blindness.’
(See at GSiV: