Sự Vâng Phục và Tân Ước—part 2

Obedience and the New Testament

‘Second, the apostolic letters of the New Testament present deep theology to ordinary Christians, many of whom were recent converts. The book of Romans was not written to graduate students, or even to church leaders alone. Paul clearly thought that the content of Romans was important for ordinary believers and even new converts to understand. There is no such thing as burdening young Christians with heavy Bible doctrine.’

‘Thứ 2, các thư tín của những sứ đồ trong Tân Ước trình bày thần học sâu sắc dành cho các Cơ Đốc Nhân bình thường, trong đó nhiều người mới tiếp nhận Chúa. Sách Rô-ma không phải viết cho các nghiên cứu sinh hay thậm chí chỉ cho những người lãnh đạo hội thánh. Rõ ràng sứ đồ Phao-lô nghĩ rằng nội dung của sách Rô-ma quan trọng đối với những tín đồ phổ thông và thậm chí những người vừa tiếp nhận cần phải hiểu. Không hề có những việc như là đặt gánh nặng cho các Cơ Đốc Nhân trẻ bằng những giáo lý Kinh Thánh nặng nề.’ Đọc thêm.

-Zane Pratt

(GSiV: Kinh Thánh nói gì về môn đồ hóa?

Xem thêm: ‘Nên Thánh Động Lực Bởi Phúc Âm’)

Does Calvinism Kill Missions?

  • ‘John Calvin: Calvin sent missionaries from Geneva into France and as far away as Brazil. Most of these young men sent to France died a martyr’s death, but the church of Geneva continued to send them.
  • ‘John Eliot: A missionary sent to the American Indians in the 1600′s. He is believed to be the first missionary among this people group. As many have said, if William Carey is the father of the modern mission’s movement, then John Eliot is its grandfather.
  • ‘David Brainerd: A missionary to the American Indians in the 1700′s. Many historians believe that he has sent more individuals into the mission field than any other person in the history of the church via his diary, An Account of the Life of the Late Reverend David Brainerd.
  • ‘Theodorus Frelinghuysen: The great evangelist and preacher, who set the stage for the First Great Awakening in the middle colonies.
  • ‘Jonathan Edwards: The great theologian, writer, and preacher of the First Great Awakening. He was also a missionary to the Indians.
  • ‘George Whitfield: The great voice and preacher of the First Great Awakening. He journeyed across the Atlantic Ocean thirteen times and scholars believe he preached over 18,000 sermons….’ Continue reading.


(GSiV: Missions and Evangelism,

Evangelism and Calvinism,

Researching Calvinism and Missions?,

Đoạn 24: “Mối đe dọa đối với truyền giáo và truyền giảng?”)

Sự Vâng Phục và Tân Ước—part 1

Obedience and the New Testament

‘First, theological knowledge was given as the basis for practical obedience. It is particularly true in the letters of Paul that he often begins with an extended discourse on gospel theology, and then transitions with the word “therefore” into the practical sections of his letters.’

‘Đầu tiên, sự hiểu biết thần học được xem là nền tảng của sự vâng phục trong thực tế. Điều đó đặc biệt đúng trong các sứ đồ của sứ đồ Phao-lô mà ông ấy thường bắt đầu bằng bài giảng chuyên sâu về thần học của Phúc Âm và sau đó là sự chuyển tiếp bằng từ “cho nên” để dẫn vào phần thực tiễn của những bức thư.’ Đọc thêm.

-Zane Pratt

(GSiV: Kinh Thánh nói gì về môn đồ hóa?

Xem thêm: ‘Nên Thánh Động Lực Bởi Phúc Âm’)

Starting Churches: Making Disciples

“In pioneer missionary settings where there are no churches, it’s necessary to plant new churches in order to obey the Great Commission command to make disciples.” Read more.

-Zane Pratt

Một bài viết khác bởi Ông Pratt

“Monergism” Là Gì?

What is “Monergism”?

‘Monergism: thuyết duy thần tái sinh. Quan điểm cho rằng Đức Thánh Linh là tác nhân duy nhất tạo nên sự tái sinh trong Cơ Đốc nhân. Thuyết này đối lập với thuyết đồng tác (synergism) cho rằng quá trình tái sinh là sự phối hợp của cả Đức Chúa Trời và con người.’

  • Sổ tay Thuật Ngữ Thần Học Anh-Việt (Ấn bản thứ 2)

Monergistic: ‘có nghĩa là, bởi Đức Thánh Linh đang hành động chỉ một mình mà không có sự cho phép hoặc hỗ trợ con người….’

‘Sự tái sanh (sanh lại)–chúng ta thụ động (Đức Chúa Trời làm tất cả và không có sự hợp tác từ chúng ta).’

  • GSiV (đoạn 49, click)


 (Also see these links at GSiV)

Do the ‘elect’ choose to believe?

‘…Reformed Christians believe that men believe and choose. It is the order of events that is in dispute. Every Christian has chosen Christ, believed in Christ, embraced Christ, and even more, continues to do so. The question is not “must a person believe,” but can a person believe while a slave to sin? Further, whose decision comes first: the decision of God to free the enslaved, dead sinner and give him the ability to believe, or the free-choice decision of the sinner that then makes him or her one of the elect?’

-James White, The Potter’s Freedom, p.184

(Các Đoạn 39-42, 48-49 GSiV: Xem chi tiết)

(Also ‘decisional regeneration,’ ‘decisionism’ / ‘sự tái sinh bằng quyết định’)

(Election: Xem Chi Tiết)

Spurgeon against the Hyper Calvinists

From the life of the Baptist pastor Charles Spurgeon (1834-1892), Iain Murray makes some key points that reformed people do well to keep in mind and heart:

  • ‘1. “Genuine evangelical Christianity is never of an exclusive spirit….”
  • ‘2. Spurgeon “wanted to see both divine sovereignty and human responsibility upheld, but when it came to gospel preaching he believed….”
  • ‘3. “This controversy directs us to our need for profound humility before God….”
  • ‘4. “The final conclusion has to be that when Calvinism ceases to be evangelistic….” ’

-Murray, Spurgeon v. Hyper-Calvinism. See whole post by Ray Ortlund, Jr.

(GSiV: What is Hyper Calvinism?)

(GSiV: Evangelism, Missions)



Church growth, planning, and multiplication

“So the church throughout all Judea and Galilee and Samaria had peace and was being built up.  And walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it multiplied (Acts 9:31).

“I’m not against strategic plans. I’m for them. They have their place, as a matter of wise stewardship. But they cannot generate the astonishing outcomes described in the book of Acts.

“Those early churches had no master plan for their future. But they were walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, and it worked.”

-Ray Ortlund, Jr.

Read whole article here

(Tại GSiV xem thêmđây đây đoạn 24)

Man’s Freedom Touched by his Sinfulness

‘…man, the great image-bearer of God, is a fallen creature, a slave to sin, spiritually dead, incapable of doing what is pleasing to God. Just as the great freedom of the Potter offends rebellious pots, so too does the Bible’s teaching on the inabilities of man due to sin. The fallen sons and daughters of Adam are most adept at finding ways to promote creaturely freedom at the cost of God’s freedom, while at the same time promoting the servitude of God to the whims and will of man. It would be humorous if it were not so serious: the pots gathering together and assuring each other that the Potter either doesn’t exist, or, at worst, will sit idly by while they take control and “run the show” themselves. Yet this is the impact of sin upon the thinking of man. Man suppresses the truth of his createdness and invariably attempts to find a means to “control” God.’

James White, The Potter’s Freedom, p.76


(Đoạn 42, GSiV: Ý chí tự do của con người, Xem chi tiết)

Spurgeon: Man’s ‘free’ will

Scripture is our final authority but note how Charles Spurgeon helps clarify what the Word actually says about man’s so-called ‘free will.’


  • ‘Beloved, do not any of you swerve from the free Grace of God, for the babblings about man’s free agency are neither more nor less than lies, right contrary to the Truth of Christ and the teachings of the Spirit. How certain, then, is the salvation of every elect soul! It does not depend on the will of man—he is “made willing” in the day of God’s power.’ -Spurgeon, 1856, “The Holy Spirit in the Covenant

(Đoạn 42, GSiV: Ý chí tự do của con người, Xem chi tiết)

(Also see GSiV here)

Phúc Âm Là Gì? Một Vài Nguồn (Tiếng Việt)



1.a “CÂU CHUYỆN LỚN KINH THÁNH” / The Bible’s Big Story đọc

  • ChristCenteredResourcesAsia.com

1.b “HAI LỐI ĐI, MỘT ĐƯỜNG VỀ” đọc hay nghe

  • Grace Community Church/Sun Valley, CA–USA


  • HeartCry/Virginia–USA

1.d “PHÚC ÂM TRONG 6 PHÚT” đọc

  • Desiring God/Minnesota–USA



2.a “PHIM CUỘC ĐỜI CHÚA GIÊ-XU” (The JESUS film) xem

2.b “TỪ BUỔI SÁNG THẾ ĐẾN CHÚA CỨU THẾ” (hoạt hình) xem


(GSiV: Những Nguồn)

God’s Part and Man’s Part in Salvation

Here’s an outline to a helpful article that clearly explains the doctrines of sovereign grace:

‘God and man must both do something before a man can be saved….



1). ‘A man must repent and believe in order to be saved.  No one was ever forgiven and made a child of God who did not willingly turn from sin to Christ….



2). ‘Every one who repents and believes the gospel will be saved….



3). ‘Repentance and faith are not vicarious but are the free acts of men.  Men, with their own mind, heart, and will must renounce sin and receive Christ.  God doesn’t repent and believe for us–we repent and believe….


‘… We have neither proven freewill nor disproved election, since it is impossible to do either….



4). ‘The same Bible that states man must repent and believe in order to be saved, also emphatically states that man, because of his sinful nature, is totally unable to repent and believe….


‘To believe and preach points One, Two, and Three, without also preaching number Four is to grossly misrepresent the gospel of God’s grace.  It is to give a totally false picture of the sinner and his true need.  It shows only half of the man’s sin….


‘Please note a few texts of Scripture that dogmatically state some things that a lost man cannot do:

  • ‘Man cannot see-until he first be born again. (John 3:3)
  • ‘Man cannot understand-until he first be given a new nature. (I Cor. 2:14)
  • ‘Man cannot come-until he first be effectually called by the Holy Spirit. (John 6:44-45)


‘We do not have space to go into all the “cannots,” but these three are sufficient to show that a sinner absolutely cannot…come to Christ until God first does something in that sinner’s nature.  That “something” is what the Bible calls regeneration, or the new birth, and it is the exclusive work of God the Holy Spirit.  Man has no part whatever in regeneration.



5). ‘The new birth, or regeneration, is God giving us the spiritual life that enables us to do what we must do (repent and believe), but CANNOT DO because of our bondage to sin…. We indeed need Christ to die and pay the penalty of our sin, but we just as desperately need the Holy Spirit to give us a new nature in regeneration….


‘God is a triune God…. No man can declare the “glorious gospel of grace” and leave out the Father’s sovereign electing love and the Holy Spirit’s regenerating power as essential parts of God’s work in saving sinners…. How dreadful, and ridiculous, to give Christ the glory for His work on the cross, and then give sinners the credit for the Father’s work in eternity (election) and the Spirit’s work in our hearts (regeneration)….


‘The root error of the Arminian’s gospel of freewill is its failure to see that man’s part, repentance and faith, are the fruits and effects of God’s work and not the essential ingredient’s supplied by the sinner as “man’s part of the deal…”.



6). ‘The Scriptures clearly show that faith and repentance are the evidences and not the cause of regeneration…. Just so when a spiritually dead man begins to perform spiritual acts such as repentance and faith-these spiritual “fruits” show that the miracle of the new birth has taken place….


‘…  Acts 16:14 is a clear proof of the above…. Arminianism insists that man’s free will must furnish the willingness or power, and the Bible says that the Holy Spirit of God furnishes that power or ability in the new birth….


‘The necessity of the Holy Spirit’s work being thus theologically denied, it will not be long before it is ignored in actual practice.  This is the plight of modern day evangelism….’


-John G. Reisinger

Read it all


 (Đoạn 42, GSiV: Ý chí tự do của con người, Xem chi tiết)

(Also see GSiV here)